There are no requirements for this test, no need to fast. Neither is an appointment necessary, blood draws are performed from 8:00h – 10:30h from Monday to Friday. It is also possible to carry out the analysis by taking a sample of sputum. The extraction can be done in the laboratory or the sample can be delivered directly in a sterile single-use bottle purchased at the pharmacy.
The results are delivered after 3-4 days.
Microorganisms are found everywhere, in the air, soil and water. Many of them are harmless and some may even be useful. But some of them can cause disease.
There are four main types of microorganisms:
- Bacteria: single-celled organisms that multiply rapidly. They can release toxins, which are harmful chemicals. Strep throat and urinary tract infections are common bacterial infections.
- Viruses: small capsules containing genetic material. They invade cells so they can multiply. Viral infections include HIV/AIDS, COVID-19…
- Fungus: common primitive plant-like organisms such as mold, mushrooms and yeasts. Athlete’s foot is a fungal infection.
- Parasites: animals or plants that survive by living on or in other living things. Malaria or leishmania is an infection caused by a parasite.
Infectious diseases can cause many different symptoms. Some are so mild that they may not even be noticed, while others can be life-threatening. There are treatments for some infectious diseases, but for others, like some viruses, only their symptoms can be treated.