You should not have sex for 2-3 days before the sperm sample is taken. The semen will be collected in a sterile vial which can be obtained in pharmacies and taken to the laboratory within 2 hours of the collection of the semen.
The results are delivered within 24 hours and if a sperm culture is performed, it is delivered within 48 hours.
The spermiogram consists of the collection of the semen or sperm in a sterile container, by means of ejaculation. The sample is then analyzed in the laboratory under the microscope. The pH, appearance, viscosity and liquefaction are evaluated to rule out pathologies and, above all, to rule out the presence or absence of sperm.